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Название: Eurasian Steppe Chariots and Social Complexity during the Bronze Age
Год издания: 2018
Тип публикации: Публикации в зарубежных изданиях
Библиографическое описание Chechushkov I. V. Eurasian Steppe Chariots and Social Complexity during the Bronze Age / I. V. Chechushkov, A.V. Epimakhov // Journal of World Prehistory. 2018. Vol. 31. № 4. P. 435–483.

This paper aims to examine some societal principles that underlie the development of horse-drawn chariots in Inner Eurasia during the Middle and Late Bronze Age (cal. 2050–1750 BC). Analysis is based on an evaluation and re-examination of the archaeological evidence for horse-drawn chariots, and the social constructs they entail. Chariots were developed in the zone of the Northern Eurasian steppes before c. 2000 BC in the context of complex but stateless societies. Because chariots depend on a set of developed skills, valuable resources, and complicated technologies, which involve several outstanding improvements to previously known solutions, they require specific conditions for their development and maintenance in social life. Most fundamentally, they require a group of people with an interest in this complex technology: a class of military elites characterized by aggrandizing behavior. The competition between collectives of military elites for resources, power and prestige brought into life the earliest chariot complex in the world.

Ключевые слова

 Chariot Bronze Age Eurasia Sintashta Social complexity

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